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Test December 12, 2022 0 Comments

The non-public Sorts of the brand new Therapist Questionnaire (PST-Q) was made by Fernandez-Alvarez ainsi que al

(2003), and you can was created to determine “brand new number of attributes that each therapist is applicable in any psychotherapeutic disease, thus shaping a portion of the top features of the new therapeutic operate” (p. 117). The questionnaire assesses four different size: flexibility-firmness (Academic subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), lesser wedding-better engagement (Involvement subscale), broad focused-thin focused (Attentional subscale) and impulsive-prepared (Medical subscale). This might be good thirty-six-goods worry about-statement level done of the therapists which have responses rated into a beneficial size between 1 (total disagreement)in order to 7 (full agreement). The scale has shown an examination-retest accuracy off .79, that have Chronbach’s reliability coefficients for each subscale, below; educational, .69; expressive, .75; engagement, .78; attentional, .80; surgical, .78. Basis Investigation found a beneficial KMO = .756 (Find Table step one for alphas in the modern research).

Functioning Alliance Directory-Small Form (WAI-S)

The working Alliance Index (WAI), produced by Horvath Greenberg (1986), is actually a thirty six item survey and this can be applied so you can one another members and practitioners which can be ranked with the good 7-area Likert style of measure from1 (never)so you’re able to 7 (always). Tracey and you will Kokotovic (1989) suggested a client and you can therapist Operating Alliance Directory-Brief Mode (WAI-S), that contains five items for every single subscale (Task, Mission, and Bond) and you may complete WAI-S results, showing highest precision with alpha profile just like, plus much better than the newest WAI with the therapist subscales and full mediocre scores (Task, leader = .83; Bond, alpha = .91; Goal, alpha = .88; and you can Standard Alliance, alpha = .95). Find Dining table 1 to possess alphas in the present studies.

Processes Checklist (TL)

The methods List measure is actually adjusted off Hollis (1995), just who catalogued a comprehensive range of guidance and therapy processes representing a general spectrum of philosophical bases. So you can refine that it detailed list based on techniques put specifically because of the intellectual behavioral and you will constructivist cures orientations, we employed guidance therapy scholar youngsters to learn the complete selection of 108 treatment processes and you can price the fresh new the quantity that each technique is utilized by for every therapeutic strategy (intellectual behavioral and you can constructivist), using good 5-part Likert sorts of measure from just one (Never or Hardly ever) to 5 (Constantly or Always).


Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

These types of 40 factors were noted alphabetically and you will players have been questioned to help you price the fresh new aplicación coreana para mantener relaciones vacaciones the amount to which they use for each and every techniques within their habit of cures along a great 5-section level from (Never otherwise Hardly ever)so you’re able to 5 (Always or Always). The latest critiques of your 20 rationalist activities had been summed and you will a beneficial indicate is calculated to reflect the average volume of employing rationalist treatments (you are able to variety = 1-5), and same processes was utilized in terms of the newest 20 constructivist interventions.

The fresh new intense analysis was applied to run a good confirmatory basis investigation towards the Techniques Listing scale. The modern study was tested getting multiple-variate normalcy together with assumptions was indeed satisfied. Most of the kurtosis rates with the variables dropped between step one and you can –1 details but constructivist situations twelve, 13, sixteen, and 20 and you may cognitive behavioral goods step 3, which had a kurtosis beliefs anywhere between dos and you will –dos. Thus, such five items have been removed from brand new measure ahead of powering the fresh confirmatory grounds studies.

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