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Test November 11, 2022 0 Comments

This new experimental procedure and dataset appear at the

After this 2nd blog post, players completed the next temporary questionnaire which included a similar products once the basic to your testing of culprit. A last section concerned participants’ quantity of political attract, political mind-location for the 10-point leftover–correct continuum, intercourse, years, section of household and you will education.

Members have been randomly assigned to certainly one of half dozen experimental criteria derived on dos (perpetrator’s sex) ? 3 (restoration tactic) ranging from members factorial construction.

All of the tips performed within this data was indeed according to the ethical criteria of national research panel along with the 1964 Helsinki endments.

Investigations of one’s governmental actor

Participants said the around the world ideas with the fictitious politician into the a great 10-point scale (step 1 = completely negative to 10 = entirely confident) double, immediately following within T1 (post-scandal) as soon as from the T2 (post–protective reaction). The power of the fresh protective strategy in fixing character was grabbed from the change in investigations of your own protagonist.

Review of your politician’s communality and department both before and after their otherwise their justification of your scandal

The fresh respondents analyzed this new scandal culprit on an excellent 5-point level ranging from step 1 (not) to 5 (definitely) twice, just after after the scandal (T1) and when following the perpetrator’s protective response (T2). Users rated the fresh new perpetrator into the three adjectives for every towards the communality dimensions (truthful, sensible and you can empathetic) and you can company measurement (calculated, skilled and you may solid; e.g., Bauer 2017 ). The fresh indicator constructed on the fresh new indicate items reached high enough precision: ? communality post-scandal = 0.80; ? communality post-reason = 0.74; ? institution article-scandal = 0.63; ? agencies post-reason = 0.67.


Preliminary regression analyses such as the politician’s elegance, respondents’ gender, respondents’ governmental orientation, respondents’ amounts of demand for politics and you may respondents’ criterion concerning the relative sincerity of women and you can guys did not produce any head neither communication influence on the brand new dependent details. Therefore, they will not be considered when you look at the subsequent analyses.

We tested H1 using a 3 (type of defensive tactic) ? 2 (perpetrator’s gender) ANOVA on the global attitude toward the politician after his/her defensive reaction including the previous attitude (T1) as a covariate. The hypothesised two-way interaction between the independent variables proved to be the only significant effect, F (2, 185) = 6.06; p = 0.003; ? 2 p = 0.06 (Figure 1 ). Further inspection of this interaction revealed that the ‘diffusion of responsibility with accusation of another person’ was effective only when used by the man, simple slope = 0.11, SE = 0.04, 95% CI [0.03, 0.19], whereas the ‘excuses with claims of mitigating circumstances’ was effective only when used by the woman, simple slope = 0.09, SE = 0.04, 95% CI [0.00, 0.17]. Finally, contrary to our expectations, ‘mortification with request for forgiveness’ did not vary its efficacy as a function of the politician’s gender, simple slope = 0.00, SE = 0.04, 95% CI [–0.08, 0.08].

Suggest around the world emotions towards the a great scandal culprit as the a function of his/her intercourse in addition to verbal tactic accustomed defend him/by herself.

Regarding H2, the ANOVA including the agentic and communal dimensions measured at T2 as a repeated factor (and those measured at T1 as covariates) revealed the main effect of the repeated factor, F (1, 184) = 9.13, p = 0.003, ? 2 p = 0.05, signalling that the defensive reactions were globally more effective in improving the perpetrator agentic traits (M = 0.30, SD = 0.17) than the communal ones (M = 0.27, SD = 0.18). This analysis also elicited the two-way interaction between the type of defensive tactic and the repeated factor, F (1, 184) = 9.13, p 2 p = 0.14, indicating that the ‘diffusion of responsibility’ improved the evaluation of the perpetrator on agentic traits more than the other defensive tactics, that did not differ from each other at the LSD post-hoc test, whereas none of the tactics differed from each other as for the efficacy in improving the perceived perpetrator communality. In addition, the two-way interaction between the gender of the politician and the repeated factor, F (1, 184) = , p 2 p = 0.15 showed that the defensive reactions, irrespective of the type, improved the communality traits of the female politician (M = 0.31, SD = 0.19) more Extra resources than those of the male one (M = 0.23; SD = 0.17), simple slope = 0.06, SE = 0.02, 95% CI [0.02, 0.10], whereas they were equally effective in improving the agentic traits of the male politician (M = 0.32, SD = 0.18) and those of the female one (M = 0.28, SD = 0.16), simple slope = 0.04; SE = 0.02, 95% CI [–0.01, 0.08].

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